Analysis – Global Financial Conditions Tighten as Core Inflation Remains High, Warns World Bank

Assumpta Udochukwu
By Assumpta Udochukwu 3 Min Read

Despite a global easing in food and energy prices, the specter of high core inflation continues to loom large, presenting a significant challenge for central banks and economies worldwide.

According to Ayhan Kose, the World Bank’s Deputy Chief Economist and Director of the Prospects Group, core inflation remains persistently high and shows little sign of reducing This enduring inflationary pressure could have far-reaching implications for global financial conditions and economic growth, particularly in developing economies.

Image source: Business Trumpet

While consumers worldwide have seen some relief from the sharp rises in food and energy prices that characterized the last few years, core inflation—which excludes these volatile items—remains stubbornly high. Core inflation is a critical measure for central banks because it reflects underlying inflationary pressures in the economy. Kose’s assertion that core inflation could stay elevated signals ongoing cost pressures in goods and services beyond just food and energy.

Central Banks on Hold

High-core inflation often leads central banks to maintain or even raise interest rates to keep inflation in check. Kose suggests that this scenario is likely, especially in major advanced economies. Central banks in these regions may delay interest-rate cuts, maintaining a “higher-for-longer” stance to curb inflation. This approach, while aimed at stabilizing prices, has significant repercussions for the global economy.

Tighter Financial Conditions

The prospect of prolonged high interest rates means tighter global financial conditions. For businesses and consumers, this translates to more expensive borrowing costs, which can dampen investment and spending. This environment creates a ripple effect across the global economy, affecting everything from housing markets to business expansion plans.

Impact on Developing Economies

Developing economies are likely to bear the brunt of these tighter financial conditions. With higher borrowing costs and reduced access to international capital, these economies could experience weaker growth and heightened economic vulnerability. The potential for a slowdown in foreign investment and trade could exacerbate existing challenges, such as unemployment, poverty, and economic instability.

image source: HRME

Ayhan Kose’s warning underscores the precarious state of the global economy amid persistent core inflation. The prospect of “higher-for-longer” interest rates presents a daunting challenge for policymakers, particularly in developing economies that are more vulnerable to tighter financial conditions.

As the world grapples with these economic realities, the focus must remain on crafting policies that promote stability, growth, and resilience in the face of ongoing inflationary pressures.

SOURCES: World Bank
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Assumpta Udochukwu
Posted by Assumpta Udochukwu
Assumpta is a Professional Accountant, Brand Strategist, Writer and Digital Data Storyteller with extensive experience in Finance, Digital Marketing and Business Administration. She is the Chief Analyst and Editor at, she is passionate about telling data stories in an entertaining and engaging manner.
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